Founded in 1919, the New York Daily News was once one of the country’s top-circulation newspapers and served as a model for the brawny metro tabloid depicted in the 1994 film “The Paper.” It has won Pulitzer Prizes in commentary and feature writing. Today, it’s known for intense city news coverage, celebrity gossip and a comic section, as well as sports and local issues. It also serves as a forum for the opinions of readers in the op-ed and letters to the editor sections.
The newspaper industry is changing as more people read the news online and on mobile devices, but daily newspapers still have a strong presence in many communities. Daily newspapers provide an overview of national and international news, as well as in-depth analysis of local news and events. The news articles in a newspaper are typically arranged using the “inverted pyramid” format, where the most newsworthy information is presented first and less newsworthy items are placed lower on the page.
Most daily newspapers aim for a wide audience of general readers. However, there are some that focus on specific groups, such as businesses or sports fans. In addition, some weekly newspapers are free and distributed in limited regional areas. Those that seek to build trust and credibility with their readers have adopted several strategies, including appointing ombudsmen, developing ethics policies and training, and establishing stringent corrections policies.
A key measure of a newspaper’s health is its market penetration, which is the percentage of households that receive a copy of the newspaper. When the New York Daily News was at its peak in circulation, it achieved market penetration of 123 percent in the 1920s. By the early 1970s, that figure had fallen to below 100 percent, reflecting a decline in readership as more people turned to television for their daily news and information.
A typical daily newspaper includes news stories, opinion pieces, classified ads and comics in addition to a sports and entertainment section. It usually has a staff of writers and editors. Staff members may include reporters who primarily report facts, and writers who write longer, more detailed articles that focus on a particular subject, such as science or religion. Columnists, who write regular articles recounting their personal experiences or opinions, are also common in daily newspapers. Many papers also have photographers and graphic artists. In addition to print copies of the newspaper, many of these publications offer digital editions on the Internet and mobile devices. These editions typically provide searchable content, as well as features and functionality that make the experience of reading a newspaper different from the print version. For example, some digital editions allow readers to e-mail articles or print them. In addition, they often have access to archived editions. Moreover, the e-dition can be accessed anytime of the day or night.